“I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.” Revelation 22:13 NASB End – telos, the Greek word translated “end,” is a particularly knotty problem. Why? Because after Aquinas we have been theologically convinced that telos is directly connected to gnosis, that God knows the end because […]

“If one goes to defile himself, openings are made for him; and he who goes to purify himself, help is afforded him.” Tractate Shabbat 104a Openings – Recently a man in China asked me to pray for him. He was having violent dreams and he was afraid that those dreams would cause him to act violently. […]

A perverse heart shall depart from me;
 I will know no evil.  Psalm 101:4  NASB I will know – End of the Roman calendar year.  Most people are making some sort of resolution.  Usually these last but a short time and the ordinary routine returns.  Most resolutions are statements of positive self-improvement.  I have a few.  […]

My heart is steadfast, O God, my heart is steadfast; I will sing, yes, I will sing praises!  Psalm 57:7  NASB Steadfast – To put it bluntly, Greek certainty is cognitive, Hebrew certainty is volitional.  In Greek thought, certainty is a function of justified true belief.  It is the attempt to determine rational, logical conclusions […]