And He said to them, “Therefore every scribe who has become a disciple of the kingdom of heaven is like a head of a household, who brings forth out of his treasure things new and old.” Matthew 13:52 NASB
Scribe – Does Yeshua take a line from Godfather 2? Is He really suggesting that those who were so adamantly against Him should be included in the Kingdom? You might say, “Well, don’t you see that they must first become disciples?” But is that what He means? Is this statement to be applied only to those who were once opposed and have now seen the light?
A scribe in normal usage in the New Testament is someone who has been trained to interpret the Torah. We do encounter scribes in the gospel accounts, but none of them seem to be on the side of Yeshua. They uniformly interpret Moses against Yeshua. So how could any of them become disciples?
Commentators have suggested that Yeshua’s comment is directed toward either (1) his chosen disciples who are now proponents of a “new” understanding of the covenant or (2) the general sense of the term as writers. Neither seems very compelling. There is force behind Yeshua’s words. This is a metaphor about the Kingdom, the reign and rule of God on earth. Certainly it must have a greater application than to the small band Yeshua selected or to some anonymous group of people who took up the quill. A little Jewish background might help.
Yeshua is called “Rabbi” by those who drew near him. That circle was much larger than the twelve. As Rabbi, he taught Torah. He came to complete the understanding of Torah. In fact, the rabbinic idea of “fulfilling” Torah was simply teaching correct interpretation. At this, Yeshua excelled beyond all others. If a scribe is one who is trained to correctly interpret Torah, then everyone who follows in the footsteps of Yeshua and keeps His commandments (His haggadah) would qualify as a scribe in the kingdom of heaven. The force of Yeshua’s claim is two-fold. First, his words claim that human pedigree has no standing in the Kingdom. To correctly interpret God’s words, you must become Yeshua’s disciple. He alone is the final authority of interpretation. His statement claims that Torah interpretation is at the very heart of discipleship. Scribes knew God’s Word, right down to the smallest detail. They were meticulous caretakers of the Tanakh. Yeshua tells His followers that they too must be meticulous students and practitioners of God’s Word interpreted by the Son of Man. 
Secondly, Yeshua’s claim challenges the official scribes of religious practice. His words suggest that there are scribes who know Torah but do not become disciples because they do not listen to the authoritative interpretation of Yeshua. They are not caretakers of the truth of Torah. They are merely pall bearers of the letters. They have no place in the Kingdom because those in the Kingdom must be disciples of the King.
There are many official scribes in our religious world. They carry the Book around with them. They can quote chapter and verse. But they do not understand what it means to “keep His commandments” because they have not interpreted His words as He intended. They have thrown away the words of God in the Torah, replacing those gifts with ethical principles of their own. They stand on the shoulders of Plato, Aristotle, Augustine and Irenaeus, not Moses and Isaiah. They think “Jesus” speaks Greek.
You and I could be among these modern-day scribes. Everywhere we look, Christian theologians, commentators and preachers tell us that we need to “be like Jesus,” except of course, when Jesus keeps the Sabbath, the dietary laws, the instructions about charity and purity. Apparently modern-day scribes have decided that they can do their own interpretation. What does Yeshua say about them? Better not read Matthew 13:47-49 if you don’t want to hear His interpretation.
Topical Index: scribe, interpretation, disciple, Matthew 13:52
 The Hebrew version of Matthew clears this up: “Therefore every sofer who is educated in the kingdom of Heaven can be compared to the owner of a house . . .”